Save Girl , Teach Girl - Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao - बेटी बचाओ बेटी पढ़ाओ -

Save Girl Child, 

Educate Girls, 

Girl is the future of all families, 

No Girl No World, 

Save Female Child,

CONTEXT -    As per the trend of decline in the Child Sex Ratio (CSR), may be known as number of girls per 1000 of boys between 0-6 years of age, has been unabated since 1961. The decline from 945 in 1991 to 927 in 2001 and further to 918 in 2011 is an alarming sign. The decline in the CSR is a major indication of women disempowerment. CSR reflects both, pre-birth discrimination manifested through gender biased sex selection & post birth discrimination against girls. Social construct discriminating against girls on the one hand, easy availability, affordability and subsequent misuse of diagnostic tools on the other hand, have been critical in increasing Sex Selective Elimination of girls leading to low Child
Sex Ratio in India.

Now coordinated and convergent efforts are needed to ensure survival, protection and empowerment of the girl child. Our Government has announced “Beti Bachao Beti Padhao” (BBBP) an initiative. The Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao (BBBP) Scheme has been introduced in October 2014 to address the issue declining Child Sex Ratio (CSR). This is being implemented through a National campaign and focussed with multi sectoral action in 100 selected Districts low in CSR from all States and UTs. This is a joint initiative of Ministry of Women and Child Development, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare & Ministry of Human Resource Development India.

Identified Districts -

Following 100 districts have been identified on the basis of low Child Sex Ratio as per Census 2011 covering all States/UTs as a pilot with at least one district in each state. The 3 criteria for selection of districts namely as are given below -

1. Districts below the national average (87 districts/23 states).

2. Districts above national average but shown declining trend (8 districts/8 states).

3. Districts above national average and shown increasing trend (5 districts/5 states- selected so that these CSR levels can be maintained and other districts can emulate and learn from their experiences).

Aim -

1. Ensure survival & protection of the girl child.

2. Prevent gender biased sex selective elimination.

3. Ensure education of the girl child.

Strategies -

1. To implement a sustained Social Mobilization and Communication Campaign to create equal value for the girl child & promote her education.

2. Place the issue of decline in CSR/SRB in public discourse, improvement of which would be an indicator for good governance.

3. To focus on Gender Critical Districts and Cities low on CSR for intensive & integrated action.

4. To mobilize & Train Panchayati Raj Institutions/Urban local bodies/ Grassroots workers as catalysts for social change in partnership with local community/women’s/youth groups.

5. To ensure service delivery structures/schemes & programmes are sufficiently responsive to issues of gender and children’s rights.

6. To enable Inter-sectoral and inter-institutional convergence at District/Block/Grassroots levels.

Elements -

Huge Communication Campaign on Beti Bachao-Beti Padhao -

This programme will be initiated with the launch of “Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao” a Nation-wide campaign to increase awareness on celebrating the Girl Child & enabling her for education. The campaign will be aimed at ensuring girls are born, nurtured and educated without discrimination to become empowered citizens of our country with equal rights. The Campaign will interlink National, States and District level interventions with community level action in 100 districts bringing together with different stakeholders for accelerated impact in time ahead.

100 Gender Critical Districts covering all States/UTs low on CSR, Multi-Sectoral Interventions -
A multi-Sectoral actions have been drawn in consultation with MoHFW & MoHRD. In that measurable outcomes and indicators will bring together concerned sectors, states and districts for urgent concerted Multi-Sectoral action to improve the CSR. All the States/UTs will adapt a flexible Framework for Multi-Sectoral Action through the State Task Forces for developing, implementing and monitoring State/ District Plans of Action to achieve the State/District specific monitorable targets in coming period.

Implementation of Project -

Now the Ministry of Women and Child Development will be responsible for budgetary control and administration of the scheme from the Centre to the entire Nation. At the State level, the Secretary, Department of Women and Child Development will be responsible for overall all direction and implementation of the scheme in time.  The Structure of the proposed Scheme may be seen as given below -

National level -

Now onward a National Task Force for Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao headed by Secretary, WCD with representation from concerned ministries namely as Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Ministry of Human Resource Development, National Legal Services Authority, Department of Disability Affairs and Ministry of Information & Broadcasting, Gender Experts and Civil Society representatives are in pipe to sharpen the plan. The Task Force will provide guidance and supports, finalize training content, review state plans and monitor effective implementation will be carried out.

State level -

Now all the States will form a State Task Force (STF) with representation of concerned Departments (Health & Family Welfare; Education, Panchayati Raj/ Rural Development) including State Level Services Authority and Department of Disability Affairs for Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao to coordinate the implementation of the Scheme. As the issue requires convergence & coordination between Departments, the Task Force would be headed by the Chief Secretary of State. In the UTs the Task Force would be headed by Administrator or UT Administration. Whereas some States/UTs have their own mechanism at the State/UT level for Women’s Empowerment, Gender and Child related issues which may be considered and/or strengthened as State/UT Task Force. Principal Secretary, WCD/ Social Welfare will be the convener of this body. Department of Women & Child Development will have the full responsibility of coordinating all the activities related to implementation of the Plan in all the State/UTs through the Directorate of ICDS in time.

District level -

This plan is incorporated at District level, a District Task Force (DTF) led by the District DM/ Collector/Deputy Commissioner with representation of concerned departments (Health & Family Welfare, Appropriate Authority (PC & PNDT), Education, Panchayati Raj/ Rural Development, Police) including District legal Services Authority (DLSA) will be fully responsible for an effective implementation, monitoring & supervision of the District Action Plan. For technical support and guidance for the implementation of Action Plan in the district the District Programme Officer (DPO) in the District ICDS Office for formulation of District Action Plan using the Block level Action Plans are available. A Gender expert/CSO member may also be included in the task force for implementing the plan.

Block level -

Other step at block level will be implemented for that a Block level Committee would be set up under the Chairperson ship of the Sub Divisional Magistrate/Sub Divisional Officer/Block Development Officer (as may be decided by the concerned State Governments) to provide support in an effective implementation, monitoring & supervision of the Block Action Plan in right way.

Gram Panchayat/Ward level -

In this step the respective Panchayat Samiti/Ward Samiti (as may be decided by concerned State Governments) having jurisdiction over the concerned Gram Panchayat/Ward will be fully responsible for the overall coordination & supervision for effectively carrying out activities under the Plan in a positive way.

Village level -

The Village Health Sanitation and Nutrition Committees, (recognized as sub committees of panchayats) will guide and support village level implementation and monitoring of the plan to individual/public. Frontline workers (AWWs, ASHAs & ANMs) will catalyze action on ground by creating awareness on the issue of CSR, collecting data, dissemination of information about schemes/programmes related to girl child & their families etc. as they are more in touch with public.

Cities/ Urban Areas -

In cities or in urban areas the plan shall be implemented under the overall guidance & leadership of Municipal Corporations of concerned area.

The Budget -

Lastly now a budgetary allocation of  Rs.100 Crores have been made under the budget announcement for Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao campaign and  Rs.100 Crores will be mobilized from Plan Outlay of the Planned scheme ‘Care and Protection of Girl Child  - A Multi Sectoral Action Plan’  for the implementation of 12th Plan. Additional resources can be mobilized through Corporate Social Responsibility at National & all State levels. The estimated cost of the Scheme is Rs.200 crores. Out of Rs. 200 crores Rs.115 crores is proposed to be released during the current year i.e. 2014-15 (six month). Rs. 45 Crores and Rs. 40 crores will be released during year 2015-16 and year 2016-17 respectively.

Flow of Fund -

Agency MWCD will be fully responsible for budgetary control and administration of the scheme at the Central level; will transfer the funds to the consolidated funds of the State Government after approval of Action Plan of the respective Government in due course.

Monitoring Agency -

All the plans are being monitored by various agencies to get 100% implementation of the Government plan. Here also a monitoring System will be put through in place right from National, State, District, Block and Village levels to track progress on monitor able targets, outcomes and process indicators and shortcomings. At the national level, a National Task Force headed by Secretary MWCD will monitor quarterly progress on a regular basis.  At state level, a State Task Force headed by the Chief Secretary will monitor progress. At the district level, the District Collectors (DC) will lead and coordinate action of all Departments through District-level officials. They shall also undertake monthly review of the progress on the activities listed in the Department Plans of action at the district level. DC will have the overall responsibility for validating the measurable changes in identified indicator related to CSR to overcome all shortfalls.

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