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History of Railways in India| Indian General Knowledge 2020

Indian Railway General Knowledge| India GK| GK of India| GK India Questions

Indian Railway History

Indian Railway History

Dear aspirants, Indian Railways are operated by the Ministry of Railways. It is the fourth largest railway network in the world by size. Indian Railway (IR) runs more than 20,000 passenger trains daily. From the first railway proposals in Madras in 1832 to till now, Indian railway achieves many milestones. Here is the list of some important historical events that Indian railway passed through.

Indian Railway

First Proposal
Madras 1832
On April 16th, 1853, when a train with 14 railway carriages and 400 guests left Bombay's Bori Bunder for Thane.
Track gauge
1676 mm; 1000 mm; 762 mm; 610 mm
26,269 km
115,000 km of track length over a route of 67,312 km
New Delhi, India
8000 to 8500
First Railway Bridge
Dapoorie Viaduct on the Mumbai-Thane route
First Rail Tunnel
Parsik Tunnel
First Underground Railway
Calcutta Metro
Normal length of a passenger train
24 coaches
First Computerized Reservation
New Delhi (1986)
Fastest Train
India New Delhi-Bhopal Shatabdi Express is the fastest train in India (runs at a speed up to 150 Km/ph)
First electric train
Ran between Bombay's Victoria Terminus and Kurla along the Harbour Line of CR, on February 3, 1925, a distance of 9.5 miles
Shortest Station Name
Ib near Jharsuguda in Odisha and Od, near Anand in Gujarat
Longest Station Name
Venkatanarasimharajuvariipeta on the Arakkonam-Renigunta section near Chennai
Oldest Station
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus
Oldest trains still running
Bangalore Mail has been running in various guises since 1864
Highest railway station
Oldest running dining car
The Bombay-Pune Deccan Queen
Busiest Railway Station
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus
Longest Run (Time)
Vivek Express from Dibrugarh to Kanyakumari travels a distance of 4273
Shortest Run
Route between Nagpur and Ajni (3km)
Longest Run for Daily Train
Kerala Express (3054 km in 42.5 hrs)
Longest Non-Stop Run (Distance)
Trivandrum Rajdhani covering 528 km
Longest Railway Platform
Gorakhpur (1.35 km in length)
Longest Railway Bridge
Rail link between Idapalli railway station and ICTT, 4.62km
Tallest bridge
The Ghambir Khad bridge between Jammu Tawi and Udhampur is 77m tall.
Longest Tunnel
Karbude Tunnel of the Konkan Railway (6.5 km)
Oldest Preserved Locomotive
Fairy Queen (1855), still in working order
Daily Runs
About 10,000 trains
Daily Carries
More than 11 million passengers & 1 million tonnes of freight
Railway Station with all the Three Gauges
Siliguri Railway Station
People Employed
About 1.6 million people, fourth largest employer in World
Train with Maximum Number of Halts
Howrah-Amritsar Express (115 halts)
Stations across State Lines
Navapur (Maharashtra and Gujarat), Bhawani Mandi (Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan)
Northernmost railway station
Baramulla in Jammu and Kashmir
Western most station
Naliya near Bhuj in Gujarat
Southernmost railway station
East most railway station
Ledo on branch line from Tinsukia
Least punctual train
Guwahati-Trivandrum Express is said to be the most unreliable long-distance train in the country. The charted journey time is 65 hours and 5 minutes, but the average delay on a trip is about 10-12 hours.
Longest non-stop travel/ Trains with most stops
Trivandrum - H. Nizamuddin Rajdhani Express travels the 528km stretch between Vadodara and Kota non-stop
First electric locomotive
UNESCO World Heritage Sites
Chatrapati Shivaji Terminus and the Mountain Railways of ( Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, a narrow gauge railway in West Bengal)
First double Decker train
Flying Rani introduced in 2005
Largest railway complex in India
Howrah Station
Train crosses the largest number of states
Navyug express between Mangalore and Jammu Tawi
Train crossed maximum number of zones
The largest distance entirely in one state
Kolhapur-Gondia Maharashtra Exp
Shortest distance between stations
Safilguda and Dayanand Nagar stations on the Secunderabad, 170 m apart.

Last Word

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